28 Aug 2016

(1) California Urges President Obama and Congress to Tax Carbon Pollution
Revenue-neutral carbon tax is hard to dislike By returning 100% of the taxed revenue to American households, the policy blunts the rising costs of energy produced by burning fossil fuels. ... It makes polluters pay, helps tackle the immense threat of human-caused global warming, results in cleaner air and water by reducing the burning of dirty fossil fuels, and has a modestly beneficial overall economic impact. ... many in the fossil fuel industry oppose the policy ...
(2) Methane Emissions From U.S. Fracking
“... unless unleakable carbon is curtailed, up to 80–100% of our global natural gas reserves must remain underground if we hope to limit warming to 2°C from 2010 to 2050.” ... a switch from coal to natural gas for electricity production is not likely to curb global warming effectively, but rather delay effective measures further.
(3) An Energy Storage Idea
... pumping water deep into the earth to fill up the cracks in-between rocks that previously held fossil fuels. When the pressurized water is released, it acts like a spring as it races through a turbine-generator above ground, powering it to produce electricity. ... in a pilot project, used an abandoned natural gas well (2,800 feet deep, that could hold 50k gallons of water. ... after pumping water into the well for 12 hours, their technology could generate six hours of electricity.
(4a) Dakota Pipeline Approved by Army Corps Over Objections of Three Federal Agencies
The 1,134-mile pipeline would carry 500,000 barrels of crude per day from North Dakota to Illinois along a route that did not originally pass near the Standing Rock reservation ... After the company rerouted the pipeline to cross the Missouri River just a half-mile upstream of the reservation, the tribe complained that the Army Corps did not consider threats to its water supply and cultural heritage. "We believe the Corps did not adequately justify or otherwise support its conclusion that there would be no significant impacts upon the surrounding environment and community,"
(4b) An Oil Pipeline and a River: What Would Sitting Bull Do? Winona LaDuke
“The Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of the Interior and the National Advisory Council on Historic Preservation supported more protection of the tribe’s cultural heritage, but the Corps of Engineers and Energy Transfer Partners turned a blind eye to our rights. ... the Dakota Access Pipeline project is harmful. It will not be just harmful to my people but its intent and construction will harm the water in the Missouri River, ... To poison the water is to poison the substance of life. ... “Perhaps only in North Dakota, where oil tycoons wine and dine elected officials ... would state and county governments act as the armed enforcement for corporate interests." I am not sure how badly North Dakota wants this pipeline. If there is to be a battle over the pipeline, it will be here. For a people with nothing else but a land and a river, I would not bet against them. ... “What would Sitting Bull do?” ... he said 150 years ago: “Let us put our minds together to see what kind of future we can make for our children.”
(4c) Dakota Access Pipeline Company Attacks Native American Protesters with Dogs and Pepper Spray
Dakota Access pipeline company attacked Native Americans with dogs and pepper spray as they protested against the $3.8 billion pipeline’s construction. If completed, the pipeline would carry about 500,000 barrels of crude per day from North Dakota’s Bakken oilfield to Illinois.
(5) Global Warming Visualized
... these images tell a bigger story. They chronicle the history of a planet that’s become warmer and warmer as humans have filled the atmosphere with carbon pollution.
(6) Reforestation Must Be Done Right
The United Nations wants to stop deforestation through Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) programs, which seek to create financial incentives for forest management practices. ... indigenous groups have criticized REDD for allowing polluters like fossil fuel companies to continue extracting and burning fossil fuels by paying for reforestation elsewhere ... balancing the need for strengthening global forests might force people to make difficult choices, like giving up meat.
(7) Earth Is Warming Faster Than Any Time in Past 1,000 Years
Lingering carbon dioxide already emitted from power generation, transport and agriculture is already likely to raise sea levels by around three feet by the end of the century, and potentially by 70 feet in the centuries to come. Increasing temperatures will shrink the polar ice caps, make large areas of the Middle East and North Africa unbearable to live in and accelerate what’s known as Earth’s “sixth mass extinction” of animal species.
(8) Flooding of Coast, Due to Global Warming, Has Begun
In 2013, scientists ... [said] that three feet was the highest plausible rise by the year 2100 ... now some ... say that six or seven feet may be possible. A rise that large ... [is] likely to require the abandonment of entire cities.
(9) New Books on Non-Violence
"Nonviolent Struggle" by Sharon Erickson Nepstad. "Civil Resistance Today" by Kurt Schock. "A Theory of Nonviolent Action" by Stella Vinthagen. "Blueprint for Revolution" by Srdja Popovic.
(10) The Degrowth Debate Is Gaining Momentum
Sustainable degrowth challenges inequalities and the environmental destruction caused by a growth-oriented development paradigm; it calls for a downscaling of production and consumption, but also a rethinking of human and planetary wellbeing. It calls for a future where societies live within their ecological means, with open, localized economies and resources more equally distributed through new forms of democratic institutions. ... Efficiency helps the economy to grow further and sufficiency helps to live within planetary boundaries. ... "sufficiency includes, but is much broader than environmentalism. It's the counter-concept to "higher, faster, further, more".